We bring the forest to you

We bring the forest to you

Sustainable forestry and forest certification

Sustainable forestry

Sustainable forestry means forest renewal – we plant four new seedlings for each tree harvested. Around 75% of the wood used by Metsä Board comes from certified forests. We promote forest certification in all of the regions where we operate, and actively participate in its development. Certification helps to conserve biodiversity and preserve habitats and biotopes typical of natural forests. Certification also safeguards the rights of people working in forests, and ensures that forests can continue to be used for recreational purposes.

Our parent company Metsä Group utilises wood raw material to the full. In addition to Group’s subsidiaries’ products, the various production processes yield by-products which constitute valuable raw materials for other industrial branches. Logs are utilised in the group’s sawmills. Sawmill by-products like wood chips and sawdust are supplied to the pulp and board industry as raw material for pulp. Other by-products are also utilised for soil improvement, while sawdust may also be used to surface jogging paths, for example. Pulp wood is utilised as the main raw material in the Group’s pulp and board mills. Harvesting residues, bark, and the black liquor produced as a by-product of the pulp-making process can all be incinerated to produce bioenergy for use in our own production processes and in neighboring communities. The wood-based products produced by Metsä can be reused and recycled, and also eventually burnt to generate energy at the end of their life cycle.

Forest certification

All the wood used by Metsä Board come from sustainably managed forests, and responsible forest management is of vital importance to us. All our mills have certified environmental management systems (ISO14001) and quality management systems (ISO9001), as well as PEFC and FSC Chain of Custody.

Metsä Group’s internal auditing procedures and wood origin tracing system control the actions of the wood suppliers and harvesting contractors. Our internal auditing covers a wide range of sustainability issues from the preservation of valuable natural features and the legality of the origin of the wood to social issues such as safety at work. This also allows us to identify the legal and sustainable origin of the wood, and officially define the share of certified wood in the wood raw material used in our mills.

Advanced technology facilitates the verification of the origin of wood. Modern information systems and digital maps are used during wood harvesting, enabling the whole wood transportation chain to be traced from the stump to the mill.

On top our internal audits, the preservation of valuable natural features during forestry operations are evaluated also by forest authorities, external third-party management system audits and forest certification audits.

Forest biodiversity

Metsä Board as a member of Metsä Group is committed to preserve the biodiversity of forests in all of our forest-related operations, and to actively promote nature conservation together with our partners. Metsä aims to develop the management of the ecotones along the margins of forested areas, in order to enhance their functioning as natural habitats for game animals and birds and other species.

The protection of forest biodiversity and threatened species as part of forest management is controlled through legislation. The criteria used in voluntary forest certification schemes further emphasise and often exceed legal requirements.

Conserving water resources

Even though fresh water is not scarce in the regions where Metsä Board procures wood, we value water resources and strive to minimise our impacts on them. For this reason we carefully consider how our forestry operations will affect groundwater reserves and all kinds of surface waters from lakes and rivers to smaller streams, ponds and springs.

Reducing our impacts on water resources is one of the main environmental targets for Metsä's wood supply operations. We have defined practical actions to help us meet these targets and developed a set of indicators to follow their implementation and impacts. Our water protection actions include the provision of internal training on new water protection requirements and the further development of internal controls. The success of these actions will be followed through internal and external controls.

Working together for sustainability

Metsä Board and the whole Metsä Group support voluntary actions that aim to preserve valuable natural features. Metsä Group advances the national METSO Biodiversity programme.

Metsä aims to develop the management of the ecotones along the margins of forested areas, in order to enhance their functioning as natural habitats for game animals and birds and other species. The protection of forest biodiversity and threatened species as part of forest management is controlled through legislation. The criteria used in voluntary forest certification schemes further emphasise and often exceed legal requirements.

Origin  of wood


Metsä Board as a member of Metsä Group works to support sustainable forest management and safeguard biodiversity during forestry operations. To this aim, the Group’s target is to increase the proportion of certified wood used in its operations to over 80%.

Metsä's internal auditing procedures and wood origin tracing system document the actions of the wood supplier or harvesting contractor, together with the origin of the wood and details of nature management methods. Internal auditing thus covers a wide range of sustainability issues from the preservation of valuable natural features and the legality of the origin of the wood to social issues such as safety at work.

Forest certification schemes are voluntary systems which support the well-being of forests and confirm the legality of the origin of the wood. Forest certification is based on inspections carried out by an independent third party. The certification process has two main parts: forest certification and certification of the chain of custody. Forest certification helps to demonstrate to the buyers of wood and paper products that their purchasing decision supports sustainable forestry.

Traceable wood from sustainably managed forests

Metsä supports forest certification schemes that are suitable for local conditions and are inspected by a reliable and independent third party. We also actively promote forest certification initiatives in all of the regions where we procure wood. The forest areas owned or leased by the Group’s companies are all covered by sustainable forest management certificates.

We are aware of the origins of all the wood we use, whether it comes from certified forests or forests that are otherwise controlled. This ensures its legality and reduces the risk of unacceptable practices along the supply chain. Our chain of custody certificates and wood origin tracing system document the actions of the wood supplier or harvesting contractor, together with the origin of the wood and details of nature management methods.

Wood suppliers and contractors have also committed themselves to our sustainability principles, which are included in contracts. These commitments extend to the very beginning of the supply chain, including possible sub-suppliers and subcontractors.

Wood Supply chain

Sustainable supply chain

Metsä Board as part of Metsä Group focuses on working with ethical, reliable and environmentally sound suppliers, whose quality and pricing will facilitate long-term cooperation and responsible profitability. We strive to develop cooperation based on trust with selected key suppliers.

We see no scope for compromise on responsible purchasing and sustainability all along our supply chains. This enables us to guarantee long-term success both for us and for our business partners, helping us to be a profitable and responsible business operator.

The majority of our purchases come from Northern Europe. Our target is to use local suppliers whenever feasible.

Supplier Code of Conduct included in contracts

Metsä Group launched a Supplier Code of Conduct in 2011 in order to ensure that the Group only cooperates with suppliers who act responsibly. Metsä expects all of its suppliers to commit themselves to sustainability, to high standards of business ethics, and good working practices.

Our Supplier Code of Conduct emphasizes respect for human rights and the need for a safe working environment, as well as actions against corruption and bribery. The use of forced labour or child labour is unconditionally prohibited. By the end of 2015, the document was included in the majority of all our new and renewed contracts.

Supplier auditing process

Metsä Board continuously develops a common monitoring process for its suppliers, while also preparing audit plans for each of our purchasing categories. One of the most important issues is to ensure is that there are no incidents of child, forced or compulsory labour in our suppliers’ operations. We also conduct risk assessments in order to identify risk-rated material suppliers who are then audited with regard to sustainability issues. We have set a new target to audit 100% of risk-rated raw material key vendors against our sustainability criteria by the end of 2016.

Efficient supply chain management and on-time deliveries are key elements in our business operations. For this reason we ensure reliable, safe and efficient logistics. Efficiency is attained by maximising delivery volumes, by optimising modal selection, also including return load utilisation, and by minimising ‘empty’ kilometres. As our mills are located close to our main raw materials, we are always able to optimise our transport routes.

All our mills comply with existing chemical legislation when procuring and utilising chemicals in our production processes. We hold regular discussions with our external material suppliers to verify their REACH preregistration and registration status. We maintain a detailed database on the most important chemicals used in our production processes, containing key environmental, health and safety information on each of the chemicals concerned.

Safeguarding  responsibility in wood supply

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Forest regeneration

Forest regeneration

​Most relevant points for sustainability:

  • growth of the forest
  • safety at work
  • native tree species
  • secured and sustainable origin of the seeds
  • no use of GMOs
  • legality guaranteed

Control:

  • company’s own audits
  • forest management audits (in certified forests)
  • quality and environments management system audits
  • authority inspections
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Standing forest

Standing forest

​Most relevant points for sustainability:

  • Growth of the forest
  • Health of the forest
  • Biodiversity safeguarded
  • Legality guaranteed

Control:

  • Forest management audits (in certified forests)
  • Controlled sources audits (in non-certified forests)
  • Authority inspections
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Harvesting area

Harvesting area

Most relevant points for sustainability:

  • Growth of the forest
  • Safety at work
  • Protection of soil and water
  • Health of the forest
  • Biodiversity safeguarded
  • Legality safeguarded

Control:

  • Company’s own audits
  • Forest Management audits (in certified forests)
  • Controlled origin audits (in non-certified forests)
  • Quality and Environment Management System audits
  • Authority inspections
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Supply chain

Supply chain

​Most relevant points for sustainability:

  • Knowledge of the origin of wood
  • Safety at work
  • Transparency of the supply  chain
  • Emissions minimized
  • Legality guaranteed

Control:

  • Company’s own audits
  • Chain of custody audits 
  • Quality and Environment Management system
  • Authority inspections
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