Forest, its wood is the starting point in making paperboard


We use wood only from sustainably managed forests to produce pulp for paperboard.

Wood is the starting point for making paperboard, so forests are of vital importance to Metsä Board, both now and in the future. We are a part of Metsä Group, which in turn belongs to roughly 120,000 Finnish forest owners, and it’s in all of our interests to ensure forests are regenerated.

We also put every part of each harvested tree to its best possible use. At Metsä Board we only use pulp that is based on fresh fibres to produce paperboard.

Wood usage

Wood usage

Metsä Board uses only wood sourced from sustainably managed northern forests, with nearly 80% originating in Finland and Sweden. The tree species we use for our paperboard production include pine, spruce and birch. In total, our supply of wood amounts to around eight million cubic metres a year.

At Metsä Group level, we use every part of each tree for the purpose it suits best – the main stem for building and construction and other wood products; smaller parts of the stem for pulp; branches, bark and other discarded wood for bioenergy.

The Group supplies wood to Metsä Fibre and Metsä Board for manufacturing many different types of pulp, which in turn are used for paperboard production.

Forest management

Forest management

Finland and Sweden have long roots in forest management, and in the development of related legislation and forest protection certification systems. The biodiversity of forests, and endangered species are both protected by legislation and encouraged through certification schemes.

Since the 1970s the annual growth of Finnish forests has exceeded total removals of wood by a quarter on average. Only 2% of the forests in Finland are harvested each year.

Metsä Group has a long tradition of working closely with forest owners, and offers forestry services that enhance the value of their forest assets. At the same time, it is important we ensure the future wood supply to Metsä Group’s production units.

Origin of wood

Origin of wood  

Traceability of the wood we use in paperboard production is of the utmost importance to Metsä Board, since we share this information with our customers. Metsä Group has been a pioneer in developing wood origin tracing systems, including extending these into Russia. We know the wood we use comes from sustainable and acceptable sources.

By sharing details of the origin of the wood we use, we can assure our stakeholders that all our wood is legally harvested. We fully comply with all the processes laid down in the EU Timber Regulation (EUTR), which aims to prevent imports of illegal timber, pulp and paperboard into the EU market. In addition, we take further measures to prevent unacceptable practices along our supply chain.

We can trace wood back to the natural environment where it grew. This helps us ensure that our products are safe.

Forest certification

Forest certification  

The whole of the Metsä Group, including Metsä Board, supports forest certification schemes and encourages their adoption worldwide. We are an active member of workgroups developing both the PEFC and FSC certification systems.

About 80% of the wood Metsä Board utilises is certified, with 100% sourced from sustainably managed northern forests. In Finland, PEFC is most widely accepted by private forest owners, with the result that over 90% of forests in Finland are PEFC-certified. In Sweden, approximately 50% of forests are certified, almost equally between FSC and PEFC.

Forest ownership

Forest ownership  

Finland and Sweden, the two countries providing the majority of the wood destined for Metsä Board’s production, differ in their forest ownership structures.

In Finland, there are approximately 430,000 forest owners, and the majority of these are private families, and the remaining 10% are corporations.

In Sweden, about 50% of forests are owned by individuals and 25% by forest companies. The rest are owned by the state or other public sector organisations.

As urbanisation in these countries continues to grow, many family owners today live far from their forest property, and make their living from other occupations. But forest ownership remains important, not just for additional income, but also for the opportunity to protect valuable parts of forests for future generations.

Forest protection

Protection of forests is an essential part of forest ownership

Protection of forests is an essential part of forest ownership, both in Finland and Sweden, driven by factors such as legislation and voluntary activity.

Overall, Finland is the most forested country in Europe and has the biggest share of strictly protected forests in the whole region. In the past 35 years the total area of protected forest area in Finland has tripled.

Outside of protected areas, valuable key biotopes and biodiversity hot spots are set aside, as required by forest legislation and forest certification systems.